As countries and companies look to zero out carbon, how does Missouri stack up?

Late last month, Amazon joined the list of major companies to announce a climate pledge, detailing a variety of commitments it hopes to fulfill, including net zero carbon emissions by 2040 and 100% renewable energy by 2030.

Around the same time, the United Nations announced that more than 60 countries had pledged to reduce their net carbon emissions to zero by 2050. That didn’t include the U.S., which is the No. 2 emitter in the world.

So, how does Missouri fit into the emissions picture?

The state emits 19.3 million metric tons of CO2 per million residents, which is relatively standard among other states. Wyoming leads the nation in emissions per million residents at 105.6 million metric tons, while the District of Columbia has the lowest emissions per million residents, at 4 million metric tons.

In Missouri, energy consumption is varied. Coal remains the largest source of energy consumption, at nearly double the No. 2 source, according to U.S. Energy Information Administration data. Next on the list are motor gasoline (excluding ethanol) and natural gas.

The state’s energy production portfolio is less diverse, consisting primarily of nuclear electric power, other renewable energy and coal.

Total energy use by Missouri’s residential, commercial, industrial and transportation sectors has fluctuated over the past two decades, peaking in 2007 at 1,984.4 trillion Btu and reaching a low in 2017 of 1,726.1 trillion Btu, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

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