The Missouri House sent a bill to Gov. Jay Nixon that would tie unemployment benefits to the unemployment rate in the state.
House Bill 150 would create a tiered system under which people could receive benefits for 20 weeks if the unemployment rate is above 9 percent, but would receive benefits for 13 weeks if the unemployment rate drops below 6 percent.
Currently, unemployed residents can collect benefits for 20 weeks.
The bill fell shy of the veto-proof majority in the House that would be required to override a veto by Nixon. Last year, the governor vetoed a similar bill.
Supporters say the bill will help increase the fund for unemployment benefits. Opponents say the legislation would make it more difficult for the unemployed to continue their education or find a new job.